Legislation from United States of America Senate

H.R. 40 Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act

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Summary
Title:

H.R. 40 Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act

H.R. 40 Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act
This bill establishes the Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans. The commission shall examine slavery and discrimination in the colonies and the United States from 1619 to the present and recommend appropriate remedies. Among other requirements, the commission shall examine (1) the role of federal and state governments in supporting the institution of slavery, (2) forms of discrimination in the public and private sectors against freed slaves and their descendants, and (3) lingering negative effects of slavery on living African-Americans and society.
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04/09/19

Introduced

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Introduced in Senate

Date: April 9, 2019

Content
Code:
116.S.1083
Subject:
Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues
H.R. 40 Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act
Date: April 9, 2019 Official Title: To address the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to study and consider a national apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery, its subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.Short title This Act may be cited as the "H.R. 40 Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act".Findings The Congress finds that
  • (1) approximately 4,000,000 Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and colonies that became the United States from 1619 to 1865;
  • (2) the institution of slavery was constitutionally and statutorily sanctioned by the Government of the United States from 1789 through 1865;
  • (3) the slavery that flourished in the United States constituted an immoral and inhumane deprivation of Africans' life, liberty, African citizenship rights, and cultural heritage, and denied them the fruits of their own labor;
  • (4) a preponderance of scholarly, legal, community evidentiary documentation and popular culture markers constitute the basis for inquiry into the on-going effects of the institution of slavery and its legacy of persistent systemic structures of discrimination on living African-Americans and society in the United States;
  • (5) following the abolition of slavery, the United States Government, at the Federal, State, and local levels, continued to perpetuate, condone, and often profit from practices that continued to brutalize and disadvantage African-Americans, including share cropping, convict leasing, Jim Crow, redlining, unequal education, and disproportionate treatment at the hands of the criminal justice system; and
  • (6) as a result of the historic and continued discrimination, African-Americans continue to suffer debilitating economic, educational, and health hardships including having nearly 1,000,000 Black people incarcerated, an unemployment rate more than twice the current White unemployment rate, and an average of less than of the wealth of White families, a disparity which has worsened, not improved, over time.Purpose The purpose of this Act is to
  • (1) establish a commission to study and develop Reparation proposals for African-Americans as a result of
    • (A) the institution of slavery, including both the Trans-Atlantic and the domestic "trade" which existed from 1565 in colonial Florida and from 1619 through 1865 within the other colonies that became the United States, and which included the Federal and State governments that constitutionally and statutorily supported the institution of slavery;
    • (B) the de jure and de facto discrimination against freed slaves and their descendants from the end of the Civil War to the present, including economic, political, educational, and social discrimination;
    • (C) the lingering negative effects of the institution of slavery and the discrimination described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) on living African-Americans and on society in the United States;
    • (D) the manner in which textual and digital instructional resources and technologies are being used to deny the inhumanity of slavery and the crime against humanity of people of African descent in the United States;
    • (E) the role of Northern complicity in the Southern based institution of slavery; and
    • (F) the direct benefits of the institutions and systems described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) to societal institutions, public and private (including higher education and corporations), religious and associational;
  • (2) recommend appropriate ways to educate the people of the United States of the Commission's findings;