Hardrock Leasing and Reclamation Act of 2019
Date: May 8, 2019 Official Title: To modify the requirements applicable to locatable minerals on public domain lands, consistent with the principles of self-initiation of mining claims, and for other purposes.Short title This Act may be cited as the "Hardrock Leasing and Reclamation Act of 2019".In general As used in this Act:
(1) The term means, with respect to any person, any of the following:
(A) Any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with such person.
(B) Any partner of such person.
(C) Any person owning at least 10 percent of the voting shares of such person.
(2) The term means any authority of the United States that is an "agency" under section 3502(1) of title 44, United States Code.
(3) The term means any person applying for a permit, license, or lease under this Act or a modification to or a renewal of a permit, license, or lease under this Act.
(4) The term means the crushing and grinding of hardrock mineral ore and such processes as are employed to free the mineral from other constituents, including physical and chemical separation techniques.
(5) The term —
(A) subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), means mineral activities that do not ordinarily result in any disturbance of public lands and resources;
(B) includes collection of geochemical, rock, soil, or mineral specimens using handtools, hand panning, or nonmotorized sluicing; and
(C) does not include—
(i) the use of mechanized earth-moving equipment, suction dredging, or explosives;
(ii) the use of motor vehicles in areas closed to off-road vehicles;
(iii) the construction of roads or drill pads; and
(iv) the use of toxic or hazardous materials.