home

Recognizing widening threats to freedoms of the press and expression...

Track
Summary
Title:

Recognizing widening threats to freedoms of the press and expression around the world, reaffirming the centrality of a free and independent press to the health of democracy, and reaffirming freedom of the press as a priority of the United States in promoting democracy, human rights, and good governance in commemoration of World Press Freedom Day on May 3, 2019.

No summary available.
Actions
05/01/19

Introduced

importance filter:

Introduced in House

Date: May 1, 2019

Content
Code:
116.HRES.345
Subject:
International Affairs
Recognizing widening threats to freedoms of the press and expression around the world, reaffirming the centrality of a free and independent press to the health of democracy, and reaffirming freedom of the press as a priority of the United States in promoting democracy, human rights, and good governance in commemoration of World Press Freedom Day on May 3, 2019.
Date: May 1, 2019 Official Title: Recognizing widening threats to freedoms of the press and expression around the world, reaffirming the centrality of a free and independent press to the health of democracy, and reaffirming freedom of the press as a priority of the United States in promoting democracy, human rights, and good governance in commemoration of World Press Freedom Day on May 3, 2019. Whereas Article 19 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted at Paris, December 10, 1948, states, "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers."; Whereas, in 1993, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed May 3 of each year as "World Press Freedom Day"
  • (1) to celebrate the fundamental principles of freedom of the press;
  • (2) to evaluate freedom of the press around the world;
  • (3) to defend the media against attacks on its independence; and
  • (4) to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives while working in their profession; Whereas, on December 18, 2013, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 68/163 on the safety of journalists and the problem of impunity, which unequivocally condemns all attacks on, and violence against, journalists and media workers, including torture, ex­tra­ju­di­cial killing, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention, and intimidation and harassment in conflict and nonconflict situations; Whereas the theme for World Press Freedom Day on May 3, 2019, is "Media for Democracy: Journalism and Democracy in Times of Disinformation"; Whereas Thomas Jefferson, who recognized the importance of the press in a constitutional republic, wisely declared, ". . . were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter."; Whereas the Daniel Pearl Freedom of the Press Act of 2009 (; note), signed into law by President Barack Obama in 2010, expanded the examination of the freedom of the press around the world in the annual country reports on human rights practices of the Department of State; Whereas the 2019 World Press Freedom Index, published by Reporters Without Borders, warns, "The number of countries regarded as safe, where journalists can work in complete security, continues to decline, while authoritarian regimes tighten their grip on the media"; Whereas, Freedom House's publication "Freedom in the World 2019" noted that global freedom of expression has declined each year for the past 13 years; Whereas, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists, in 2018
  • (1) at least 54 journalists were killed around the world for their work, of which at least 34 were singled out for murder;
  • (2) the 2 deadliest countries for journalists on assignment were Afghanistan and Syria;
  • (3) the most dangerous subject for a journalist to report on was politics, followed by war;
  • (4) 251 journalists worldwide were in prison, with Turkey, China, and Egypt responsible for more than half of the jailed journalists;